- W -
Wage Earner's Plan - Also,
Chapter 13. A chapter of the Bankruptcy Code which allows a
debtor to file a wage earner's plan for payment of a percentage of
his debts from future earnings.
Waiver - Intentionally
given up a right.
Waiver of immunity - A
means authorized by statute by which a witness, before testifying
or producing evidence, may relinquish the right to refuse to
testify against himself or herself, thereby making it possible for
his or her testimony to be used against him or her in future
Warrant - Most commonly, a
court order authorizing law enforcement officers to make an arrest
or conduct a search. An application seeking a warrant must be
accompanied by an affidavit which establishes probable cause by
detailing the facts upon which the request is based.
Warranty - A promise that
a proposition of fact is true.
Warranty deed - A deed
which guarantees that the title conveyed is good and its transfer
Water rights - The right
to use water.
Will - A legal declaration
that disposes of a person's property when that person dies.
Withholding - A tax
deducted from a salary, wage, or other income on behalf of the
government at the time of payment of wages to the person who pays
With prejudice - A
declaration which dismisses all rights. A judgment barring the
right to bring or maintain an action on the same claim or cause.
Without prejudice - A
declaration that no rights or privileges of the party concerned
are waived or lost. In a dismissal these words maintain the right
to bring a subsequent suit on the same claim.
Witness - One who
personally sees or perceives a thing; one who testifies as to what
he has seen, heard, or otherwise observed.
Words and Phrases Legally
Defined - A set of books in dictionary form which lists
judicial determinations of a word or phrase.
Worker's compensation - A
state agency which handles claims of workers injured on their
Writ - A judicial order
directing a person to do something.
Writ of certiorari - An
order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to
transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal. (See
certiorari in Foreign Words Glossary.)
Writ of execution - An
order of the court evidencing debt of one party to another and
commanding the court officer to take property in satisfaction of
Writ of garnishment - An
order of the court whereby property, money, or credits int he
possession of another person may be seized and applied to pay a
debtor's debt. It is used as an incident to or auxiliary of a
judgment rendered in a principal action.