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Elements of a crime
-Specific factors that define a crime which the prosecution must
prove beyond a reasonable doubt in order to obtain a conviction:
(1) that a crime has actually occurred, (2) that the accused
intended the crime to happen, and (3) a timely relationship
between the first two factors.
Eminent Domain- The power
of the government to take private property for public use through
En Banc- All the judges of
a court sitting together. Appellate courts can consist of a dozen
or more judges, but often they hear cases in panels of three
judges. If a case is heard or reheard by the full court, it is
heard en banc.
Encyclopedia- A book or
series of books arranged alphabetically by topics containing
information on areas of law, including citations to support the
Enjoining -An order by the
court telling a person to stop performing a specific act.
Entity- A person or
legally recognized organization.
Entrapment- The act of
inducing a person to commit a crime so that a criminal charge will
be brought against him.
Entry- A statement of
conclusion reached by the court and placed in the court record.
conditions, influences, or forces which affect the desirability
and value of property, as well as the effect on people's lives.
Environmental Protection (EPA)
-A federal agency created to permit coordinated and
environment effective governmental action to preserve the quality
of the . Agency
Equal Protection of the Law
-The guarantee in the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S.
Constitution that all persons be treated equally by the law.
administered according to fairness; the spirit or habit of
fairness in dealing with other persons.
Escheat- The process by
which a deceased person's property goes to the state if no heir
can be found.
Escrow- Money or a written
instrument such as a deed that, by agreement between two parties,
is held by a neutral third party (held in escrow) until all
conditions of the agreement are met.
Esquire- In the United
States the title commonly appended after the name of an attorney.
In English law a title of dignity next above gentleman and below
knight. Title also given to barristers at law and others.
Estate- A person's
Estate tax- Generally, a
tax on the privilege of transferring property to others after a
person's death. In addition to federal estate taxes, many states
have their own estate taxes.
Estoppel -An impediment
that prevents a person from asserting or doing something contrary
to his own previous assertion or act.
Ethics- Of or relating to
moral action and conduct; professionally right; conforming to
presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade
the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or
by either side in a civil or criminal case reserving the right to
appeal a judge's ruling upon a motion. Also, in regulatory cases,
objections by either side to points made by the other side or to
rulings by the agency or one of its hearing officers.
Exclusionary Rule- The
rule preventing illegally obtained evidence to be used in any
Execute- To complete; to
sign; to carry out according to its terms.
Executor -A personal
representative, named in a will, who administers an estate.
Exempt property -All the
property of a debtor which is not attachable under the Bankruptcy
Code or the state statute.
Exhibit -A document or
other item introduced as evidence during a trial or hearing.
Exonerate- Removal of a
charge, responsibility, or duty.
Ex parte -On behalf of
only one party, without notice to any other party. For example, a
request for a search warrant is an ex parte proceeding, since the
person subject to the search is not notified of the proceeding and
is not present at the hearing.
Ex parte proceeding-
Action Circumstances which render a crime less aggravated,
heinous, or reprehensible than it would otherwise be.
Expungement -The process
by which the record of criminal conviction is destroyed or sealed.
Extradition -The surrender
of an accused criminal by one state to the jurisdiction of